Botanical Name: Narcissus
The majority are easy to grow where there is a discernable winter (Zones 4 to 8). Most cultivars can withstand the harsh winters of Zones 2 to 3, and many types (notably those in the divisions Jonquilla and Tazetta) can survive in warmer climates through Zone 9.
In colder regions, plant bulbs in autumn after the first frost when the soil temperature is cooler but before it freezes. In warmer regions, plant after fall temperatures have become consistent and nights are cool.
Grow best in full sun and need plenty of light even after flowering. At least a half-day of sunlight is necessary to produce energy for next year’s bloom.
6 to 30 inches
Daffodils are recognized for their central cup surrounded by a ring of petals. The most common colors are white and yellow, but there are also some orange, pink and red varieties.
There are thousands of daffodils to choose from, including:
- Modern hybrid daffodils breed to be tall and sturdy, with many flower shapes and colors
- Antique or heirloom types that have been grown for generations
- Smaller species daffodils (sometimes referred to as wild or miniature daffodils)
Those who grow daffodils for competition are even more precise and classify them into 13 divisions (see The American Daffodil Society). The ones most commonly grown in gardens are known as Large Cup daffodils and Trumpet daffodils.
Furthermore, some daffodils are excellent for naturalizing, some have striking double flowers, some are particularly well suited for the South and others have intoxicating fragrances.